ПКОЯз АНГЛ Базовый курс для лингвистов (курс 1)

Седините части предложений
At other times strong winds bring stormy weather
The weather changes
Winter cold comes back when spring seems already to be here,
with heavy rain and gales
with the change of the seasons
or warm fine summer days return in mid-October (Indian summer) gilding the autumn leaves
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова harvest
пожинать плоды
заимствовать отдельные клетки у специально разводимых для этих целей растений с целью проведения экспериментов
поливать
вносить удобрение
собирать урожай (обычно злаковых)
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова waste
ущерб
растрата
военная мощь
небрежное отношение
прибавка
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Coal burning is strictly controlled in areas like London, who no longer suffers the poisonous smogs who has killed people in the 1950s B) Attempts have been made to landscape areas of wasteland, to repair and restore the old canals and to clean up Britain's rivers Подберите правильный ответ
А- нет, В- да
А- да, В- нет
А- нет, В- нет
А- да, В- да
Worldwide around 852 million people are chronically hungry ________ to extreme poverty, while up to 2 billion people lack food security intermittently due to varying degrees of poverty
due
because
fact
result
Double-_________ or pollen-free varieties of plants should be avoided, since bees usually ignore these
sized
rooted
leaved
flowered
Вставьте пропущенное слово. You are protected _______ the sun by the thick and luxuriant canopy of branches overhead
Whole milk is reacted to form curds that can be _______________ to form cheese
pasteurize
compressed
processed
cooked
stored
Вставьте пропущеное слово. With changes in climate and in other land use, gardens are becoming increasingly important refuges for plants, animals and fungi, in __________ we can encourage this diversity in the way in which we garden
Even if the land is over-farmed and all the nutrients are depleted from the soil, the land renews its fertility _______ new deposits of silt arrive following the next flood
when
whot
how
what
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Mineral workings, intensive forestry and the use of nitrates in fertilisers, so well so the general increase in the amount of pesticides, has created concern for the future B) In some ways, Britain is a less polluting country then it was thirty years ago Подберите правильный ответ
А- да, В- нет
А- нет, В- да
А- да, В- да
А- нет, В- нет
Pollen contains __________and large quantities are needed, especially during the spring when many bee larvae are being raised
fats
proteins
acids
carbohydrates
When pruning summer-flowering shrubs, only prune back last year’s flowered stems, so that the young unflowered stems will have time to ____________ and flower by the coming summer
ripeness
ripening
ripe
ripen
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова thaw
оттепель
потоп
смягчение международной напряжённости
похолодание
потепление (в отношениях)
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) In the other side of the world, the grey whales of Baja California nearly disappearing in the last century B) Fortunately, the US Marine Mammals Protection Act of 1972 saved them Подберите правильный ответ
А- да, В- нет
А- нет, В- нет
А- да, В- да
А- нет, В- да
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова harvesting
лесозаготовки
уборка урожая
плоды
сбор урожая
жатва
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова reclamation
повторное использование отходов
потепление (в отношениях)
смягчение международной напряжённости
утилизация
претензия
Вставьте пропущенное слово. Over the next couple of years, each year remove half of the older shoots _________ ground level
Вставьте пропущенное слово. Breakers crash against the cliffs ________ rise above the shore, throwing spray into the air
Leaf ___________ turn dry and brown and shoots may be killed
squares
triangles
corners
margins
Раскройте скобки: Apples do not fruit well on their own, (need) a pollination partner for optimum production
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова trunk
подлесок
туловище, тело (человека или животного)
магистраль
невозделанная земля, покрытая кустарником
ствол (дерева)
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова stake
розлив в металлическую, стеклянную или керамическую тару
награда (за победу в соревновании)
столб
переносная наковальня
диаграмма
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова reptile
тропический циклон
подхалим
подлый человек
полная длина корабля (от носа до кормы)
пресмыкающееся
Седините части предложений.
British weather seems
Heavy snowfalls and the much commoner icy roads can stop traffic
These events fill the newspapers, but in contrast with the heat-waves in New York, or blizzards on the prairies,
but fog is the greatest disaster that can happen, causing accidents on roads and railways
indeed mild
or floods in China or droughts in Australia, or hurricanes on Florida, or tornados in Kansas
Вставьте пропущенное слово. In autumn the small mammals that inhabit the woods and the fields are gathering food as they prepare for
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Being sure the mix is light and will be well draining B) Putting a 2-3 inch layer of potting mix into the bottom of your container Подберите правильный ответ
А- да, В- да
А- нет, В- да
А- нет, В- нет
А- да, В- нет
Соедините части предложений
Fruit in these groups are unable to set a crop either with their own pollen
Certain cultivars known as 'triploids' (such as 'Bramley's Seedling') need a third cultivar nearby,
Even those thought to be self-fertile fruit
better in the presence of a pollinator
or with the pollen of any other cultivar within the same group
as their pollen is ineffective at pollinating other trees
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On the whole the warm moist winds off the warm waters of the North Atlantic Drift
British weather seems
In Devon, Cornwall, Ireland and on some of the Isles grass continues to grow in winter, early vegetables are grown,
are so common that the general climate is very mild
and flowers are produced at Christmas and daffodils appear in early March
indeed mild
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The moods of British weather
Without it novels of Victorian London, of the adventures of Sherlock Holmes
In the winter months Britain
would lose much of their charm
is affected by polar air
are really surprising
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At first they melt in the warmth of the early morning sun
At other times strong winds bring stormy weather
The temperature falls
and mist and fog form in the evening after a fine day
with heavy rain and gales
but as the days get shorter they may last throughout the day
The leaves of even well-established trees and shrubs may turn brown and desiccated from the tips in periods of
thaw
hurricane
drought
flood
Раскройте скобки. All of the ground-floor windows and balcony doors in the hotel were (board) up
Вставьте пропущенное слово. The sun beats down relentlessly; except at the rare oasis, there is no shade - just undulating dunes as _________ as the eye can see, peopled only by the occasional mirage
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова bush
подлесок
стебель
невозделанная земля, покрытая кустарником
корневище
кустарник
When the flood is over, the waters recede, leaving behind rich
grass
silt
sand
salt
An ever-increasing, demanding public _________ the question - can any national park be all things to all people?
raising
being raised
raises
raise
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Positions your herb plants in the container B) Finish filling in with the potting mix, firming gently around the plants Подберите правильный ответ
А- нет, В- да
А- да, В- да
А- нет, В- нет
А- да, В- нет
Соедините части предложений
The map above shows measured surface temperature changes between 1976 and 2006:
The areas of ocean coloured blue cooled slightly,
Surface temperatures increased over much of the northern hemisphere:
higher latitudes experienced disproportionately more warming, of up to 4°C
it is not a future projection, but a record of global warming over the last three decades
probably due to shifts in cold currents
Some of the plants cannot ______ grown in all parts of the British Isles because of unsuitable climatic or soil conditions
been
to be
be
are
Most bulbs are acquired and planted when dry, in a__________ state
expired
leafless
thinned
rootless
dormant
The problems of environment include a wide range of burning issues, such as
endangering human health with industrial wastes
extermination of wild-life on global scale
raising living standards
nature destruction and pollution
Определите правильные варианты перевода слова dietary
затрата
режим питания
порция пищи
истощение организма (в результате болезни)
диета
In temperate latitudes, such as northwest Europe, grasslands ____________ by perennial species, whereas in warmer climates annual species form a greater component of the vegetation
to dominate
are dominated
dominate
have dominated
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Higher temperatures should mean fewer frosts,
There are also complex interactions between the earth,
Drier conditions mean clearer skies and more evaporation,
but less autumn rain usually correlates with clearer skies, and therefore increased risk of frosts
the oceans and atmosphere
so a 5 percent reduction in rainfall can result in a loss of available water of more than 5 percent
It is the __________ of pine trees at Hogdon Meadow campground
gale
blow
smell
breath
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Fertilisers are spread over mulches in late winter
Avoid this by only replacing a mulch
A build up of mulch can produce a hard layer,
and are washed down to plant roots by rain
when it has completely rotted away
which is difficult for water to penetrate
Вставьте пропущенное слово. Different parts of the British _________ have different weather though the distances are not long
Yosemite is part of _________ America that we always want to experience and never want to lose
the
an
a
--
Вставьте пропущенное слово: Some cream is dried and powdered, some is condensed (by evaporation) _________ with varying amounts of sugar and canned