Англ. язык в профессиональной сфере (для "Государственного и муниципального управления")

All organizations resist change as organizational change is often_________ and destructive.
paint
pain
painful
pains
Public administrators are public servants_________ in public departments and agencies, at all levels of government.
worked
who works
working
work
Despite the need for new ideas, new approaches, and new types of employees, stability need usually ____________in organizations.
dominate
shall dominate
dominates
dominating
Public administration is "centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programmes as well as the behavior of officials (usually non-elected) formally responsible for_______ conduct".
them
their
there
his
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Organizations are also meaning systems as they provide meaning our live. B) Feelings and emotions as well as purpose are very important to work life an organization.
А - да, В - да
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - нет
А - нет , B - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Attention has increasingly been given to factors other than intellectual merit, including personal attitudes, incentives, personality and personal relationships. B) The contest for control over budgets, particularly in the Western world, began centuries ago and at times was the main relationship between monarchs and their subjects.
А - да , B - да
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - нет
А - нет, В - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) A prominent principle of public administration been economy and efficiency, that is, the provision of public services at the minimum cost. B) Many organizational principles originated with the military, a few – from private business.
А - да, В - нет
А - нет ,В - нет
А - да, В - да
А - нет , B - да
Bureaucracy has promise but it may also create________ and abuses of power, especially in the absence of effective coordination.
problema
problemed
problems
problem
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) "Public organizations are more dependent on government allocations, more constrained by law, more exposed to political influences, and more difficult to evaluate then business organizations". B) "Citizens, students and scholars all round world have come to understand the enormous impact of public administration on all of us".
А - да, В - да
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - нет
А - нет , B - нет
Despite the need for new ideas, new approaches, and new types of employees, stability need usually____________ in organizations.
dominate
shall dominate
dominating
dominates
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Public administration has also lay stress upon personnel. B) In most countries administrative reform have involved civil service reform.
А - да, В - да
А - да, В - нет
А - нет ,В - да
А - нет , B - нет
Many fear that these so-called faceless bureaucrats subvert the intensions of________ officials.
elects
elect
electing
elected
Early________ administration was marked by a concern for applying the principles of business management to a higher level of business – public affairs.
public
publical
publiced
publics
When vacancies occur by death, resignation, or for other reasons, new qualified persons ______selected according to clearly defined rules.
am
are
is
be
Social rewards like friendship, conversation, impact, satisfaction received from meaningful work appear in the process of work ___________.
herself
itself
self
oneself
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Organizations are not only place of production; they are also sites rich with symbols and bureaucrats and executives act as tribal leaders: they tell stories, repeat myths, and stage rites and ceremonials. B) The symbolic and cultural dimensions of organizations are increasingly viewed as essential to understanding individual organizations and their role in society.
А - нет, В - нет
А - нет , B - да
А - да, В - нет
А - да ,В - да
Public organizations are pictured ____wasteful; private organizations are often presented as efficient.
-
than
then
as
To attract and keep people and to encourage dependable and innovative performance, organizations must take ______account individual needs and motivation and satisfy them.
from
in
into
to
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) The symbolic and cultural dimensions of organizations are increasingly viewed as essential to understanding individual organizations and their role in society. B) What is dominant form of administration?
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - да
А - нет, В - нет
А - да , B - нет
The responsibility for policy decisions lies with the political members of the__________.
execute
executing
executive
executively
Much of the policy-making activities of public administration ____done by large, specialized governmental agencies (micro-administration).
-
is
be
are
Modern administrative system is based on objective norms (such as laws, rules and regulations) rather _____on favoritism.
than
-
then
the
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Where did many organizational principles originate from? B) Public administration has also lay stress upon personnel.
А - да , B - нет
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - да
А - нет, В - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) What is the worst failure managers can deal with? B) A prominent principle of public administration has been economy and efficiency, that is, the provision of public services at the minimum cost.
А - нет ,В - да
А - нет, В - нет
А - да , B - да
А - да, В - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Why is control over budget so important? B) Public administration has focused frequently on questions formal organization.
А - нет ,В - да
А - нет, В - нет
А - да, В - да
А - да , B - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Bureaucracy has promise but it may also create problems and abuses of power, especially in the absence of effective coordination. B) Social rewards like friendship, conversation, impact, satisfaction received from meaningful work appear in the process of work itself.
А - нет ,В - да
А - нет, В - нет
А - да , B - да
А - да, В - нет
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) The terms public and private convey very different connotations to the general public. B) Public organizations are pictured as wasteful; private organizations are often presented as efficient.
А - да , B - да
А - нет, В - нет
А - нет ,В - да
А - да, В - нет
Today public administration is often regarded as including also some responsibility for determining the policies and programs of___________.
govern
government
governer
governments
Public administration refers to two meanings: first, it is concerned with the implementation of government________; second, it is an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
politician
policy
political
-
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Both culture and emotions influence structure, effectiveness, and change in organizations. B) Organizations are not only places of production; they are also sites rich with symbols and bureaucrats and executives act as tribal leaders.
А - да, В - нет
А - нет, В - нет
А - да , B - да
А - нет ,В - да
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) Informal groups (sport groups, common lunch hours, etc.) are not created by management but B) Both culture and emotions influence structure, effectiveness, and change in organization.
А - нет ,В - да
А - да , B - нет
А - да, В - да
А - нет, В - нет
By custom, civil servants are_________ from public blame for their advice.
protects
protected
protecting
protect
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) What can be done to motivate employee? B) Investing thousands of pounds in the recruitment and training of each new graduate recruit may be just the beginning.
А - нет ,В - нет
А - нет , B - да
А - да , В - нет
А - да, В - да
Public organizations are pictured as___________; private organizations are often presented as efficient.
wasteful
waste
wasting
wastes
Some scholars argued that administration is a more general term and a more generic process than_______________.
manages
management
manage
managings
"If the elected officials are visible ____the public, public administrators are the anonymous specialists."
to
from
-
into
Future ______________, food, shelter, etc. are fundamental needs individuals bring to organizations.
secure
security
secured
secures
Members of the bureaucracy, or large, formal, complex organizations that appeared in the recent times, are chosen for their qualification rather than for their personal connections with powerful____________.
personal
the persons
person
persons
Верна ли грамматическая конструкция в данных предложениях? A) The concept of culture is difficult define. B) Offering a small gift to a policeman may be considered corruption in one nation and a sign of respect in another.
А - да, В - да
А - нет ,В - нет
А - нет , B - да
А - да, В - нет
The terms public and private convey very different____________ to the general public.
a connotation
connotation
connotations
connotative